Mannatech Science

More than 25 patents have been issued worldwide to Mannatech for the technology pertaining to Ambrotose AO.

Ambrotose AO® capsules
Antioxidant protection/immune support supplement.* Naturally gluten-free. Suitable for vegetarians.

New!
Ambrotose AO® Capsules: Technical Information


    

Ingredients

OpenAloe vera (inner leaf gel powder)

Aloe vera (inner leaf gel powder)

Aloe vera inner leaf gel powder  is the powder obtained from the freeze-dried gel from the leaves of the aloe vera plant, Aloe barbadensis.

For centuries, the plant aloe vera has been used by cultures for its beneficial effects on human health (1). Today aloe vera gel continues to be used in supplements, foods, beverages, and cosmetics. Aloe leaves consist of two major parts, the outer leaf epidermis and the inner leaf gel, which are very different in their chemical composition and properties. Aloe gel is obtained from the inner portion of the leaves. Aloe gel is rich in nutrients and contains an abundant supply of glycoproteins and mono-, oligo- and polysaccharides. Monosaccharide constituents include glucose, mannose, galacturonic acid, glucuronic acid, galactose, arabinose, fucose, glucosamine, fructose, rhamnose and xylose (2).

Much of the health benefits observed by the use of aloe vera gel may be attributed to its high molecular weight polysaccharides. Before a process was developed to stabilize aloe vera gel or extracts, fresh preparations were regarded as being required for any therapeutic efficacy (3). It has now been shown that careful drying of aloe vera gel can retain the polysaccharide content important for producing many of its health benefits (4).

 

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Advanced Ambrotose® capsules
   •  Advanced Ambrotose® powder
   •  AmbroStart® drink mix
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Ambrotose® Complex capsules
   •  CardioBALANCE® capsules
   •  Catalyst™ caplets
   •  EM•PACT® sports drink
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Manna-C™ capsules
   •  MannaCLEANSE™ caplets
   •  NutriVerus™ powder
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
   •  PhytoBurst® Nutritional Chews
   •  PhytoMatrix® caplets
   •  PLUS™ caplets
   •  SPORT™ capsules
 

 

 

References

References

1.  The Merck Index. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck & Co., Inc., 1996.

2.  Duncan, C., Ramberg, J., and Sinnott, R. Striking differences in Aloe vera gel carbohydrate composition, molecular weight and particle size distributions following processing will not be addressed by dietary supplement GMPs. Poster Presentation at the 5th Annual Natural Supplements Conference, January 17-20, 2008, Scripps Center for Integrative Medicine, San Diego, California.

3.  Gjerstad G, Riner TD. Current status of aloe as a cure-all. Am J Pharm Sci Support Public Health 1968;140:58-64.

4.  Ni Y, Turner D, Yates KM, Tizard I. Isolation and characterization of structural components of Aloe vera L. leaf pulp. Int J Immunopharmacol. 2004;4:1745-55.

Last updated November 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenAustralian bush plum (Terminalia ferdinandiana) (fruit)

Australian bush plum (Terminalia ferdinandiana) (fruit)

Australian bush plum, or Kakadu plum, is the fruit of a small deciduous tree, Terminalia ferdinandiana, found in northwestern Australia. Kakadu plums have been a food and medicinal source for aboriginal people for thousands of years (1). With an average vitamin C content of 3.0%–3.5% (range = 0.2%–5.9%), the bush plum is believed to be the single natural food source with the highest vitamin C content in the world (2). The U.S. Food and Drug Administration accepted the Australian bush plum as a New Dietary Ingredient (NDI) in 2005.

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Optimal Support Packets
 

References

References

1. Isaacs J. Bush Food. Aboriginal Food and Herbal Medicine. The Rocks, Australia: Landsdowne Publishing Pty Ltd, 1997.

2. Woods B. Kakadu plum (Terminalia ferdinandiana). The Australian New Crops Newsletter (July 10). 1998.

Last updated October, 2011

Print This Ingredient
OpenBroccoli (flower/stalk)

Broccoli (flower/stalk)

Broccoli. The leaves and stem of broccoli, Brassica oleracea italica, are an excellent source of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin A and vitamin C. Broccoli also contains the additional nutrients protein, fiber, iron, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and biotin, as well as bioflavonoids (1). Many of these nutrients have antioxidant properties.
     Recent attention has been devoted to an additional component of cruciferous vegetables, namely, the glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are biologically inactive, sulfur-containing compounds that can be broken down in the human gastrointestinal tract. Isothiocyanates, including sulforaphane, are the biologically active metabolites of glucosinolates that can then be absorbed through the intestine (2). Broccoli has a high glucosinolate content compared to other cruciferous vegetables, and broccoli extracts have a particularly high concentration of sulforaphane (3), (4).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  NutriVerus™ powder    •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. Lund E. Non-nutritive bioactive constituents of plants: dietary sources and health benefits of glucosinolates. Int J Vitam.Nutr Res 2003;73:135-43.

3. Zhang Y, Talalay P, Cho CG, Posner GH. Proc Natl Acad Sci U.S A 1992;89:2399-403.

4. McNaughton SA, Marks GC. Development of a food composition database for the estimation of dietary intakes of glucosinolates, the biologically active constituents of cruciferous vegetables. Br J Nutr 2003;90:687-97.

Last updated June, 2012

Print This Ingredient
OpenBrussels sprout (aerial part)

Brussels sprout (aerial part)

Brussels sprout is a cruciferous vegetable closely related to the cabbage and a member of the mustard family, Brassicaceae. The sprouts are named for the area in which they were first cultivated sometime around the 15th century, Brussels, Belgium (1). Brussels sprouts are an excellent source of vitamin C and vitamin K, and a good source of manganese. They are also a source of riboflavin, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, dietary fiber, protein, vitamin A, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate and potassium (2). Many of these nutrients have antioxidant activities.
     Recent attention has been devoted to an additional component of cruciferous vegetables, namely, the glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are sulfur-containing compounds that can be broken down in the human gastrointestinal tract. Isothiocyanates, including sulforaphane, are the metabolites of glucosinolates that can then be absorbed through the intestine (3). Brussels sprouts have a particularly high glucosinolate content compared to other cruciferous vegetables (4).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.
 
3. Lund E. Non-nutritive bioactive constituents of plants: dietary sources and health benefits of glucosinolates. Int J Vitam.Nutr Res 2003;73:135-43.
 
4. McNaughton SA, Marks GC. Development of a food composition database for the estimation of dietary intakes of glucosinolates, the biologically active constituents of cruciferous vegetables. Br J Nutr 2003;90:687-97.
 

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenCabbage (leaf)

Cabbage (leaf)

Cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable that is a member of the mustard family, Brassicaceae. Cabbage ranks fifth in the world as a vegetable crop. The U.S. is one of the leading cabbage-producing countries, where about 15% of the total crop is made into sauerkraut and the rest is marketed fresh (1). Cabbage is an excellent source of vitamin C and vitamin K, as well as a source of dietary fiber, vitamin B6, folate and manganese (2).
     Recent attention has been devoted to an additional component of cruciferous vegetables, namely, the glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are sulfur-containing compounds that can be broken down in the human gastrointestinal tract. Isothiocyanates, including sulforaphane, are the metabolites of glucosinolates that can then be absorbed through the intestine (3). Cabbage has a high glucosinolate content when compared with other cruciferous vegetables (4).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

3. Lund E. Non-nutritive bioactive constituents of plants: dietary sources and health benefits of glucosinolates. Int J Vitam.Nutr Res 2003;73:135-43.

4. McNaughton SA, Marks GC. Development of a food composition database for the estimation of dietary intakes of glucosinolates, the biologically active constituents of cruciferous vegetables. Br J Nutr 2003;90:687-97.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenCarrot (root)

Carrot (root)

Carrot. The edible roots of the carrot plant, Dacus carota, are one of the world’s leading vegetable crops. Carrots are a member of the parsley family, Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, and are one of the richest vegetable sources of vitamin A and beta-carotene (1). Carrots are also a good source of vitamin K and a source of vitamin C, thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, manganese, dietary fiber and potassium (2). Many of these nutrients have antioxidant activities.

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  NutriVerus™ powder
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

Last updated March, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenCauliflower (flower/stalk)

Cauliflower (flower/stalk)

Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that is a member of the mustard family, Brassicaceae. The edible part of cauliflower is its large flower head, which is usually white but can also be colored light green or purple. Cauliflower is an excellent source of vitamin C and a good source of vitamin K, as well as a source of dietary fiber, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, potassium and manganese (1).
     Recent attention has been devoted to an additional component of cruciferous vegetables, namely, the glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are sulfur-containing compounds that can be broken down in the human gastrointestinal tract. Isothiocyanates, including sulforaphane, are the metabolites of glucosinolates that can then be absorbed through the intestine (2). Cauliflower has a moderate glucosinolate content when compared with other cruciferous vegetables (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

2. Lund E. Non-nutritive bioactive constituents of plants: dietary sources and health benefits of glucosinolates. Int J Vitam.Nutr Res 2003;73:135-43.

3. McNaughton SA, Marks GC. Development of a food composition database for the estimation of dietary intakes of glucosinolates, the biologically active constituents of cruciferous vegetables. Br J Nutr 2003;90:687-97.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenGarlic (bulb)

Garlic (bulb)

Garlic, a member of the onion family Alliaceae, is an herb that has been used as a medicinal agent and a seasoning for many centuries (1). Garlic is an excellent source of calcium, selenium, vitamin C, vitamin B6 and manganese and a good source of protein, copper and phosphorus (2). Many of the health benefits of garlic are attributed to its sulfur-containing compounds – thiosulfinates, sulfoxides and dithiins – which are also responsible for its distinctive odor (3). Garlic and its derivatives are considered generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as food additives (21CFR184.1317) (4).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  CardioBALANCE® capsules
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

3. Natural Standard Database. www.naturalstandard.com. 2009.

4. Food and Drug Administration. EAFUS: A Food Additive Database. http://www.foodsafety.gov/~dms/eafus.html. 10-17-2008. 12-4-2008.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenGhatti gum

Ghatti gum

 

Ghatti gum, a mixture of complex polysaccharides, comes from the bark of Anogeissus latifolia, a large tree native to India and Sri Lanka. Monosaccharide constituents include arabinose, galactose, mannose, xylose and glucuronic acid. Ghatti gum is used in supplements, foods, drugs and cosmetics. It contains as much as 80% soluble dietary fiber (1).
 
Most gums are believed to be largely degraded in the colon (2). Test tube studies have demonstrated the fermentation of ghatti gum by the beneficial human bacteria species Bifidobacterium (3),(4). Ghatti gum is considered generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is permitted for use as a food (21CFR184.1333).

 This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Advanced Ambrotose® capsules
   •  Advanced Ambrotose® powder
   •  AmbroStart® drink mix
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Ambrotose® Complex capsules
   •  Ambrotose® Complex powder
   •  CardioBALANCE® capsules
   •  Catalyst™ caplets
   •  EM•PACT® sports drink
   •  Emprizone® gel
   •  FIRM with Ambrotose® cream
   •  Manna-C™ capsules
   •  MannaCLEANSE™ caplets
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
   •  PLUS™ caplets
   •  SPORT™ capsules
 

References

References

1. Glicksman M. Gum Ghatti (Indian gum). In: Glicksman M, ed. Food Hydrocolloids. Boca Raton: CRC Press 1983:31-7.

2. Hill MJ. Bacterial fermentation of complex carbohydrate in the human colon. Eur J Cancer Prev 1995;4:353-8.

3. Crociani F, Alessandrini A, Mucci MM, Biavati B. Degradation of complex carbohydrates by Bifidobacterium spp. Int J Food Microbiol 1994;24:199-210.

4. Salyers AA, West SE, Vercellotti JR, Wilkins TD. Fermentation of mucins and plant polysaccharides by anaerobic bacteria from the human colon. Appl Environ Microbiol 1977;34:529-33.

Last updated November 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenGrape skin extract

Grape skin extract

Grape skin extract. Grapes, the fruit of the grape vine Vitis vinifera, are the leading fruit crop in the world. Although they are popular as a fresh fruit, grapes are also used to make juices, jams, jelly, raisins and wine (1). Many health benefits provided by grapes and their products are attributed to their abundant polyphenols. The polyphenols in grapes include resveratrol and flavonoids: quercetin (and its glycoside, rutin), kaempferol, anthocyanins, tannins and myricetin. These compounds are present in the skins, seeds and stems of the grape and many demonstrate potent antioxidant activity (2). Grapes also contain plant acids, sugars, amino acids, minerals and small amounts of vitamins C and E (3), (4). Grape skin extract is considered generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the coloring of beverages and other foods (21CFR73.170) (5).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Optimal Support Packets
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. Torres JL, Varela B, Garcia MT et al. Valorization of grape (Vitis vinifera) byproducts. Antioxidant and biological properties of polyphenolic fractions differing in procyanidin composition and flavonol content. J Agric Food Chem 2002;50:7548-55.

3. Leung AY, Foster S. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996.

4. Soleas GJ, Diamandis EP, Goldberg DM. J Clin Lab Anal. 1997;11:287-313.

5. Food and Drug Administration. EAFUS: A Food Additive Database. http://www.foodsafety.gov/~dms/eafus.html. 10-17-2008. 12-4-2008.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenGreen tea extract (leaf)

Green tea extract (leaf)

Green tea extract is made from the leaves of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. First used in China as a beverage more than 4000 years ago, most green tea is now produced and consumed primarily in China, Japan and countries in North Africa and the Middle East. Green tea contains caffeine, polyphenols (catechins, anthocyanins and phenolic acids), tannins, trace elements and vitamins. Most of the health benefits of green tea are attributed to its polyphenolic catechins, which have potent antioxidant activities. Extracts of green tea may be standardized to 60%–97% polyphenols. Green tea is consumed daily in Asian countries and is considered safe and nontoxic (1).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Optimal Support Packets
 

References

References

1. Natural Standard Database. www.naturalstandard.com. 2009.

Last updated February, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenGum arabic

Gum arabic

Gum arabic, also known as gum acacia, is the gum that exudes from the acacia tree, Acacia senegal or Acacia seyal. Gum arabic is a water-soluble dietary fiber used primarily to control the consistency of food and beverages. Monosaccharide constituents include galactose, arabinose, glucuronic acid and rhamnose (1). Gum arabic is included in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Inactive Ingredients Guide as safe to use in the amounts present in our products (2). It is also an approved food additive by the U.S. FDA (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
 

References

References

  1.    Whistler RL, BeMiller JN. Carbohydrate Chemistry for Food Scientists. St. Paul, Minn.: American Association of Cereal Chemists, Inc., 1999.

2.    FDA Inactive Ingredients Guide. http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/iig/index.cfm . 2007.

3.    Food and Drug Administration. EAFUS: A Food Additive Database. http://www.foodsafety.gov/~dms/eafus.html . 10-17-2008. 12-4-2008.

Last updated January, 2011

Print This Ingredient
OpenGum tragacanth

Gum tragacanth

Gum tragacanth comes from the stems and branches of the flowering plant Astragalus gummifer. The raw gum is made up of a mixture of two polysaccharides. Monosaccharide constituents include galactose, arabinose, xylose, fucose, rhamnose, and galacturonic acid (1). Gum tragacanth has been approved for use in pharmaceuticals in the U.S. since 1820 and in foods since 1925 (2). Most gums are believed to be largely degraded in the colon (3). Test tube studies have demonstrated that gum tragacanth can be digested by a number of bacteria that inhabit the human colon, including the beneficial Bifidobacteria species (4),(5). Gum tragacanth is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is commonly added to foods (21CFR184.1351).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Advanced Ambrotose® capsules
   •  Advanced Ambrotose® powder
   •  AmbroStart® drink mix
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Ambrotose® Complex capsules
   •  Ambrotose® Complex powder
   •  CardioBALANCE® capsules
   •  Catalyst™ caplets
   •  EM•PACT® sports drink
   •  Emprizone® gel
   •  FIRM with Ambrotose® cream
   •  Manna-C™ capsules
   •  MannaCLEANSE™ caplets
   •  NutriVerus™ powder
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
   •  PLUS™ caplets
   •  SPORT™ capsules
 

References

References

1. Anderson DM, Howlett JF, McNab CG. The amino acid composition of the proteinaceous component of gum tragacanth (Asiatic Astragalus spp.). Food Addit Contam 1985;2:231-5.

2.  Anderson DM. Evidence for the safety of gum tragacanth (Asiatic Astragalus spp.) and modern criteria for the evaluation of food additives. Food Addit Contam 1989;6:1-12.

3.  Hill MJ. Bacterial fermentation of complex carbohydrate in the human colon. Eur J Cancer Prev 1995;4:353-8.

4.  Crociani F, Alessandrini A, Mucci MM, Biavati B. Degradation of complex carbohydrates by Bifidobacterium spp. Int J Food Microbiol 1994;24:199-210.

5.  Salyers AA, West SE, Vercellotti JR, Wilkins TD. Fermentation of mucins and plant polysaccharides by anaerobic bacteria from the human colon. Appl Environ Microbiol 1977;34:529-33.

Last updated November 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenKale (leaf)

Kale (leaf)

Kale is a cruciferous vegetable that is a member of the mustard family, Brassicaceae. It is an excellent source of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K and manganese, as well as a source of dietary fiber, thiamin, riboflavin, folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamin B6, calcium, potassium and copper (1). Many of these nutrients have antioxidant activities.
     Recent attention has been devoted to an additional component of cruciferous vegetables, namely, the glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are sulfur-containing compounds that can be broken down in the human gastrointestinal tract. Isothiocyanates, including sulforaphane, are the metabolites of glucosinolates that can then be absorbed through the intestine (2). Kale has a moderate to high glucosinolate content when compared with other cruciferous vegetables (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  NutriVerus™ powder
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

2. Lund E. Non-nutritive bioactive constituents of plants: dietary sources and health benefits of glucosinolates. Int J Vitam.Nutr Res 2003;73:135-43.
 
3. McNaughton SA, Marks GC. Development of a food composition database for the estimation of dietary intakes of glucosinolates, the biologically active constituents of cruciferous vegetables. Br J Nutr 2003;90:687-97.

Last updated March, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenOnion (bulb)

Onion (bulb)

Onion. The underground bulb of the onion plant, Allium cepa, is the sixth leading vegetable crop in the world. It is thought that onion consumption dates as far back as prehistoric man (1). Onions are a source of vitamin C, vitamin B6, manganese, thiamin, folate, phosphorus and potassium (2). Many of the health benefits of onions are attributed to its sulfur-containing compounds, which are also responsible for the onion’s distinctive odor and its ability to bring tears to the eyes when cut. Onions are also a source of antioxidant flavonoids, such as quercetin (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.
 
3. Natural Standard Database. www.naturalstandard.com. 2009.

Last updated March, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenPapaya (fruit)

Papaya (fruit)

Papaya is the fruit of the papaya tree, Carica papaya, native to tropical Central America (1). Papayas are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, and a source of dietary fiber, vitamin E, vitamin K, folate and potassium (2). Many of these nutrients have antioxidant activities.

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

Last updated March, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenPineapple juice powder (fruit)

Pineapple juice powder (fruit)

Pineapple juice powder. Pineapple juice is extracted from the fresh fruit pineapple, Ananas comosus. The pineapple is native to South America and is now cultivated in tropical environments all over the world (1). Fresh pineapple is a source of bromelain, an enzyme that digests protein (2). It is also an excellent source of vitamin C and manganese, and a source of dietary fiber, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, potassium and copper (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

2. Natural Standard Database. www.naturalstandard.com. 2009.
 
3. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenQuercetin dihydrate

Quercetin dihydrate

Quercetin dihydrate. Quercetin is a natural flavonoid that, like other flavonoids, demonstrates antioxidant activity. It is found in many plant foods – such as onions, grapefruit, broccoli and apples – as well as in plant-derived beverages like tea and red wine. Berries are also believed to be a good source of bioavailable quercetin (black currants, lingonberries and bilberries). Quercetin is sometimes used as an ingredient in multivitamin preparations and herbal remedies. The amount of quercetin absorbed through the intestine varies depending on its source. Quercetin is generally safe and well tolerated when consumed in amounts naturally found in foods (1).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Optimal Support Packets
 

References

References

1. Natural Standard Database. www.naturalstandard.com. 2009.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenTomato (fruit)

Tomato (fruit)

Tomato is the fruit of the plant, Lycopersicon esculentum, and a member of the Nightshade family, Solanceae. Cultivated tomatoes vary in size from cherry tomatoes, 12 cm in diameter, to beefsteak tomatoes, 10 cm or more in diameter. Tomatoes are an excellent source of vitamin A and well-known for their lycopene content, an important antioxidant nutrient (1). Ripe (red) tomatoes contain 3 to 4 times as much vitamin A as mature green tomatoes (2). Tomatoes are also a good source of vitamin K and a source of dietary fiber, vitamin C, vitamin B6, folate and manganese (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  NutriVerus™ powder
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Natural Standard Database. www.naturalstandard.com. 2009.

2. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.

3. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

Last updated March, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenTurnip (root)

Turnip (root)

Turnip is a root vegetable that is a member of the mustard family, Brassicaceae. Turnips are a good source of vitamin C and a source of dietary fiber, vitamin B6, folate, potassium, copper and manganese (1).
     Recent attention has been devoted to an additional component of cruciferous vegetables, namely, the glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are sulfur-containing compounds that can be broken down in the human gastrointestinal tract. Isothiocyanates, including sulforaphane, are the metabolites of glucosinolates that can then be absorbed through the intestine (2). Turnips have a moderate glucosinolate content when compared with other cruciferous vegetables (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-35-45-00. 2008.

2. Lund E. Non-nutritive bioactive constituents of plants: dietary sources and health benefits of glucosinolates. Int J Vitam.Nutr Res 2003;73:135-43.

3. McNaughton SA, Marks GC. Development of a food composition database for the estimation of dietary intakes of glucosinolates, the biologically active constituents of cruciferous vegetables. Br J Nutr 2003;90:687-97.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenVitamin E (as mixed d-alpha-, d-beta-, d-delta-, and d-gamma-tocopherols)

Vitamin E (as mixed d-alpha-, d-beta-, d-delta-, and d-gamma-tocopherols)

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties. Natural vitamin E exists in eight different forms: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta tocopherol; and alpha, beta, gamma, and delta tocotrienol. Alpha-tocopherol is the most active form in humans. In foods, vitamin E exists primarily as mixed tocopherols. Foods that contain vitamin E include: eggs, fortified cereals, fruit, green leafy vegetables, meat, nuts/nut oils, poultry, vegetable oils and whole grains. Vitamin E supplements are available in natural or synthetic forms. While the precise rate of vitamin E absorption is not known with certainty, it is believed to be variable and low. Reported rates of absorption of vitamin E following intake with food have varied from as high as 51%-86% to as low as 21%-29% (1). All forms of vitamin E, including all of the tocopherol and tocotrienol homologues, are absorbed through the intestine in a similar manner.
     The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has established a Reference Daily Intake (RDI) of 30 international units (IUs) vitamin E for adults and children 4 or more years of age (21CFR101.9). RDIs are a set of dietary references for essential vitamins and minerals that are considered amounts sufficient to meet the daily requirements of healthy individuals. RDIs serve as the basis for calculating the percent daily value (%DV) amounts found on dietary supplement and food labels.
     Tocopherols, along with tocotrienols, are organic compounds collectively known as vitamin E. Natural tocopherols exist as a mixture of d-alpha-, d-beta-, d-gamma- and d-delta-isoforms, each having antioxidant activities (2). Tocopherols are present in many foods, such as vegetable oils, nuts and grains. They are considered generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in foods (21CFR182.3890) (3).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
 

References

References

1. Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000.

2. Yoshida Y, Saito Y, Jones LS, Shigeri Y. Chemical reactivities and physical effects in comparison between tocopherols and tocotrienols: physiological significance and prospects as antioxidants. J Biosci Bioeng. 2007;104:439-45.
 
3. Food and Drug Administration. EAFUS: A Food Additive Database. http://www.foodsafety.gov/~dms/eafus.html. 10-17-2008. 12-4-2008.

 

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient
OpenXanthan gum

Xanthan gum

Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide produced from the fermentation of plant carbohydrates by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris. Monosaccharide constituents include glucose and mannose (1). It is commonly added to foods, where it serves as a stabilizing agent and a thickener (2). Xanthan gum is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as a food additive (21CFR172.695) (3).  Xanthan gum is also used as a skin conditioning agent, to stabilize oil-in-water mixtures and to thicken the texture of cosmetics and personal care products (4).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  FIRM with Ambrotose® cream
   •  GlycoSlim® chocolate meal replacement
   •  GlycoSlim® vanilla meal replacement
   •  Mannatech LIFT™ Body Lotion
   •  Mannatech LIFT™ Day Moisturizer
   •  Mannatech LIFT™ Exfoliating Facial Cleanser
   •  Mannatech LIFT™ Night Repair Crème
   •  Optimal Support Packets
 

References

References

1.  International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook. Washington, D.C.: The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association, 2006.

2.  Whistler RL, BeMiller JN. Carbohydrate Chemistry for Food Scientists. St. Paul, Minn.: American Association of Cereal Chemists, Inc., 1999.

Last updated November 2013

Print This Ingredient

Formulation Ingredients

OpenCitric acid

Citric acid

Citric acid occurs naturally in a number of plant species, including lemons and pineapples. It is also found naturally in the human body, mainly in the bones. In food products, citric acid is used as a flavor enhancer for its tart, acidic taste. As an excipient, it is used primarily to adjust the pH (the acidity or alkalinity) of a product (1). It is also used in skin care products for fragrance (2). Citric acid is considered generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and is approved for use as a food additive by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (3). It is also included in the U.S. FDA Inactive Ingredients Guide as safe to use in the amounts present in our products (4).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  AmbroStart® drink mix
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  EM•PACT®
   •  MannaBears™ supplement
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  PhytoBurst® Nutritional Chews
 

References

References

1. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients. Washington, DC: Pharmaceutical Press and American Pharmacists Assn, 2006.

2. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook. Washington, D.C.: The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association, 2006.

3. Food and Drug Administration. EAFUS: A Food Additive Database. http://www.foodsafety.gov/~dms/eafus.html. 10-17-2008. 12-4-2008.

4. FDA Inactive Ingredients Guide. http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/iig/index.cfm. 2007.

Last updated July, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenVegetable cellulose

Vegetable cellulose

Vegetable cellulose. Cellulose is a natural compound found in the cell walls of many plants. Powdered cellulose is added to tablets and capsules for a variety of reasons: to dilute the ingredients in tablets or capsules or to help tablets disintegrate following ingestion. Powdered cellulose is not absorbed systemically following oral ingestion and thus has little potential for toxicity. While consumption of large amounts (i.e., 6 g) may have a laxative effect, this is not a concern for individuals consuming the small amounts used as formulation aids in dietary supplements (1).

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose® Complex capsules
   •  BounceBack® capsules
   •  GI-ZYME® capsules
   •  Manna-C™ capsules
   •  Optimal Support Packets
   •  Phyt-Aloe® capsules or powder
 

References

References

1. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients. Gurnee, IL: Pharmaceutical Press, 2006.

Last updated July, 2013

Print This Ingredient
OpenVitamin C (as ascorbic acid)

Vitamin C (as ascorbic acid)

Vitamin C, also called ascorbic acid, is an essential water-soluble vitamin found mainly in fruits and vegetables, particularly in citrus fruits such as oranges. Vitamin C functions as a reducing agent and thereby demonstrates potent antioxidant activity. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to the disease scurvy, which involves the deterioration of elastic tissue, demonstrating the important role of ascorbic acid in the synthesis of connective tissues such as collagen in bones (1). Dietary vitamin C is efficiently absorbed through the intestine.
     Vitamin C is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (21CFR182.8013). The U.S. FDA has established a Reference Daily Intake (RDI) of 60 mgs vitamin C for adults and children 4 or more years of age (21CFR101.9). RDIs are a set of dietary references for essential vitamins and minerals that are considered amounts sufficient to meet the daily requirements of healthy individuals. RDIs serve as the basis for calculating the percent daily value (%DV) amounts found on dietary supplement and food labels.

This ingredient can be found in the following products:
   •  Ambrotose AO® capsules
   •  Catalyst™ caplets
 

References

References

1. Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000.

Last updated March, 2009

Print This Ingredient

About Ingredients

Learn more about:

 
    NSF- Certified according to the NSF/ANSI 173 Dietary Supplement Standard—the only American National Standard for dietary supplements. This certification ensures that this product contains only the ingredients indicated on the label and is free of impurities, and that Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) were used in the manufacturing facility.
Read more about NSF

 

* This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Windows Server 2008 Produktnyckel Windows 7 Chave windows 8 winkel Office 2013 winkel Windows 8 Chave