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Ingredient:

Cynara scolymus (artichoke) leaf extract

Cynara scolymus (artichoke) leaf extract is used in cosmetics as a skin-conditioning agent 1. In small company-sponsored clinical studies, application of preparations containing C. scolymus leaf extract reduced skin melanin content and improved skin texture and elasticity. In test tube studies, the mechanisms of these effects were explored. Preparations containing C. scolymus leaf extract inhibited basic fibroblast growth factor (bfGF) by human epidermal keratinocytes, inhibited epidermal melanocyte proliferation and inhibited skin cell melanin production.

This ingredient can be found in the following products in United States:

References

  1. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook. Washington, D.C.: The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association, 2006.