Erythritol belongs to the family of sugar alcohols called polyols 1 . Polyols are naturally abundant in vegetables and fruits, likes grapes, mushrooms and fermented foods 1 ,2 . Erythritol, when given orally to humans, is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, almost completely absorbed in the small intestine and is excreted in the urine without undergoing metabolic change (in other words, remains unchanged) 2 ,3 ,4 ,5 . Erythritol, considered non-caloric 1 provides 0.2 calories per gram, which is fewer calories than other sugar alcohols and significantly less calories than sugar sucrose provides 4 calories per gram 2 ,5 . Erythritol has been approved for use in more than 60 countries 1 . Erythritol has been designated as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 5 ,6 .

This ingredient can be found in the following products in United States:


  1. Regnat K, Mach RL, Mach-Aigner AR. Mini-Review. Erythritol as sweetener—wherefrom and whereto? Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 2018;102:587-595.
  2. Kroger M, Meister K, Kava R. Low-calorie sweeteners and other sugar substitutes: a review of the safety issues. In: Comp Rev Food Sci Food Safety 2006;5(2):35-47.
  3. Munro IC, Berndt WO, Borzelleca JF, Flamm G, Lynch BS, Kennepohl E, Bar EA, Modderman J. Erythritol: an interpretive summary of biochemical, metabolic, toxicological and clinical data. [Abstract]. Food Chem Toxicol 1998;36(12)1139-74.
  4. Arrigoni E, Brouns F, Amado R. Human gut microbiota does not ferment erythritol. British Journal of Nutrition 2005;94(5), 643-646.
  5. Roberts MW, Wright T. Nonnutritive, low caloric substitutes for food sugars: clinical implications for addressing the incidence of dental caries and overweight/obesity. Int J Dent 2012;2012:625701.
  6. U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Retrieved 2/8/2019. GRAS notices: Erythritol.