Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is an herb native to the Mediterranean region. For centuries, fennel seeds have been a valued herb in Europe and China. Today, fennel is used as a flavor component in beverages, candy, baked goods and meat products. Fennel seed is a rich source of beta-carotene and vitamin C, and also contains significant amounts of calcium, magnesium and iron 1. Fennel is considered generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as a natural flavoring (21CFR182.10).