Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi)
Reishi mushroom is a type of fungus 1, 2. The flesh of reishi mushroom has a bitter taste and is described as “woody” and “tough” 2, 3. Lucidus is a latin word meaning “brilliant” or “shiny”, due to the varnished appearance on the surface of this large, dark mushroom 1. In China, G. lucium is known as lingzhi; in Japan, the name for the Ganodermataceae family is known as mannentake or reishi 1. In China, lingzi is regarded as the “herb of spiritual potency” symbolizing longevity, well-being, and divine power 1. Beliefs on health regarding G. lucidum are based on cultural mores, traditional use, and anecdotal evidence (stories) 1. Some oral uses of the reishi mushroom include to minimize stress, help avert fatigue 2, promote mental clarity and support immune health. There are 279 bioactive secondary metabolites that have been isolated from Ganoderma lucidum 4 with these compounds being attained from spores, mycelium, and fruit bodies 2, 4, 5. These compounds include polysaccharides and triterpenes (naturally occurring compounds) 1, 2, 6. The reishi mushroom supports immune health 1, 2, 4.
This ingredient can be found in the following products in United States:
- EMPACT+® Performance drink mix dietary supplement - Slimsticks
- Fenzie IFF, Wachtel-Galor S, editors. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis; 2011. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92771 Chapter 9: Ganoderma lucidum (Lingzhi or Reishi). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92757/
- Natural Medicines database. Ganoderma lucidum. Professional monograph. Product ID No. 905. Reviewed 2/28/2019. Updated 3/14/2019. Accessed 5/7/2019. Subscription required for access. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=905
- Hennicke F, Cheikh-Ali Z, Liebisch T, Macia-Vicente JG, Bode HB, Piepenbring M. Distinguishing commercially grown Ganoderma lucidum from Ganoderma lingzhi from Europe and East Asia on the basis of morphology, molecular phylogeny, and triterpenic acid profiles.[Abstract]. Phytochemistry 2016;127:29-37.
- Ahmad ME. Ganoderma lucidum: Persuasive biologically active constituents and their health endorsement. Biomed Pharmacother 2018;107:507-519. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30114634
- Gill BS, Navgeet, Mehra R, Kumar V, Kumar S. Ganoderic acid, lanostanoid triterpene: a key player in apoptosis. Invest New Drugs 2018; 36:136. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10637-017-0526-0
- Boh B, Berovic M, Zhang J, Zhi-Bin L. Ganoderma lucidumand its pharmacologically active compounds. [Abstract]. Biotechnol Annu Rev 2007; 13:265-301. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17875480