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Ingredient:

Malic acid

Malic acid is an organic compound used as a flavoring agent in foods and pharmaceutical formulations to provide tartness and minimize any bitter taste 1. It is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as a food additive 2.

Malic acid can also be used in skin care products for fragrance and to adjust the pH (the acidity or alkalinity) 3. According to the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (an independent committee established by the Personal Care Products Council (personalcarecouncil.org), an industry trade association that thoroughly reviews and assesses the safety of ingredients used in cosmetics), malic acid is safe to use at the amounts present in our products 4.

This ingredient can be found in the following products in United States:

References

  1. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients. Washington, DC: Pharmaceutical Press and American Pharmacists Assn., 2006.
  2. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS). EAFUS: A Food Additive Database. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/fdcc/?set=FoodSubstances and https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/fdcc/?set=FoodSubstances&id=MALICACID&sort=Sortterm&order=ASC&startrow=1&type=basic&search=malic%t0acid
  3. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook. Washington, D. C.: The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association, 2006.
  4. Cosmetic Ingredient Review. Ingredient database. https://www.cir-safety.org/ingredients