Monk fruit (Siraitia grosvenoril, Luo Han Guo) powder
Monk fruit is perennial herb endemic to Guangxi province of China is known as Siraitia grosvenoril. Its fruit is well known as Luo Han Guo and has been used as a natural sweetener for hundreds of years 1. Different classes of compounds of compounds found in various parts of S. grosvenorii include flavonoids, triterpenoids, amino acids, essential oils, and polysaccharides 1. Existing research has demonstrated that individual compounds and extracts from S. grosvenorii are basically non-toxic 1. The non-nutritive constituents of the fruit, or magrosides in Siraitia grosvenorii Swingle fruit extract (SGFE) are responsible for the characteristic sweetness; depending on the magroside content, the sweetness could be 100 to 250 times sweeter than sugar 2, 3. SFGE containing 25%, 45%, or 55% Mogroside V is the subject of GRAS notices for specific conditions of use, according to the FDA 2.
This ingredient can be found in the following products in United States:
- EMPACT+® Performance drink mix dietary supplement - Slimsticks
- Li C, Lin LM, Sui F, Wang ZM, Huo HR, Dai L, Jiang TL. Chemistry and pharmacology of Siraitia grosvenorii: a review. [Abstract]. Chin J Nat Med 2014; 12(2):89-102. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24636058 and https://doi.org/10.1016/S1875-5364(14)60015-7.
- U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Additional information about high-intensity sweeteners permitted for use in food in the United States. Content current as of 2/08/2018. Accessed 5/20/2019. https://www.fda.gov/food/food-additives-petitions/additional-information-about-high-intensity-sweeteners-permitted-use-food-united-states
- Engels G, Brinckmann J. Luo Han Guo (Monk Fruit)(Siraitia grosvenorii, Cucurbitaceae). Herbalgram. 2014; 103(1-5), American Botanical Council.