Red pepper is a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annum. Cultivars produce fruits in various colors, including red, yellow, orange, green, brown, white and purple. Red peppers are a very good source of vitamin E, vitamin B6 and folate and a good source of vitamin K, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, potassium and manganese. A cup of chopped fresh red pepper is just 46 calories and provides 317% of the Daily Value (DV) of vitamin C, 93% DV vitamin A, and 13% DV dietary fiber (nutritiondata.com). The percent DV on a Nutrition Facts label indicates how much a nutrient contributes to a healthy adult’s daily recommended intake based on a 2,000-calorie diet.