Spinach (leaf)

Spinach. The leaves of the spinach plant, Spinacia oleracea, are a popular garden vegetable, widely cultivated throughout the world. While some spinach is consumed fresh, the majority is processed as canned or frozen 1. Fresh spinach is an excellent source of vitamins A and K, a good source of folate and a source of vitamin C and manganese 2. Spinach also contains flavonoid compounds, such as quercetin and myricetin, which demonstrate antioxidant activities 3.

This ingredient can be found in the following products in United States:


  1. Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1995.
  2. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. 2008.
  3. USDA Agricultural Research Service. USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods. USDA Department of Agriculture, 2003.